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TED 只需20小时,你就可以学会任何东西! [复制链接]

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离线jenny
 


Hi everyone. One of the things that I enjoy is learning new things. How long does it take to acquire a new skill?
大家好。我有许多喜欢做的事,而学习新事物就是其中一件。习得一个新的才艺需要多久呢?You know what I found? 10,000 hours?! Nooooooo!
你知道我的发现吗?1万个小时?不不不不不!
I am never going to be able to learn anything new ever again.
这样我再也不可能学习到任何新的东西。
But that's not true.
事实并非如此。
The 10,000 hour rule came out of studies of expert level performance.
一万小时法则出自于一些达到专家级成就的研究结果。
Professional athletes, world class musicians.
职业运动选手、世界级音乐大师。
The folks at the tippy top of their fields put in around 10,000 hours of practice.
这些在各领域中的顶尖人物都投入了约1万个小时来演练学习,But that last statement- it takes 10,000 hours to learn something?
但是真的需要1万个小时来学新的技能吗?
It's not true.
其实不然。
This is the learning curve, and the story of the learning curve is
这是学习曲线,而这说明了,
when you start you're grossly incompetent and you know it.
在刚开始学习时你是完全不会的,我想你也知道。
With a little bit of practice,
而再来一点点的练习,
you get really good really quick
你很快就可以达到相当好的水准,
and then at a certain point you reach a plateau
然后在某个点之后你会到达稳定时期,
and the subsequent gains become much harder to get.
且随后水准的提升将变得更难。
How long does it take from starting something and being grossly incompetent
那需要多久时间来让我们从一个完全不会的状态
and knowing it to being reasonably good?
到表现出合理的好水平呢?
Here's what my research says: 20 hours, that's it.
我的研究告诉我:20个小时而已。
You can go from knowing nothing-if you put 20 hours of focused deliberate practice into that thing,you will be astounded at how good you are.
你可以完全不懂某件事——如果你投入20个小时刻意地完全专注于某件事的练习,你将惊讶于自己的提升水平。20 hours is do-able,it's about 45 minutes a day for about a month.
20个小时是可行的,这大约是每天45分钟,持续约一个月。
There's a method to doing this.做这个是有诀窍的,The first is to deconstruct the skill,decide exactly what you want to be able to do and break it down into smaller and smaller pieces.
第一是解构这个技能,确切地决定你想要做什么,并将它拆解成许多小单元The more you're able to decide what are the parts of this skill that will actually help me get to what I want,
你越能够决定技能的哪些部分是可以真正协助达成目标的,you'll be able to improve your performance in the least amount of time possible.
你将越有可能在最短的时间内来提升你的成果。The second is learn enough to self-correct.
第二是学到足以自我矫正。Get 3 to 5 resources about what it is you're trying to learn-
准备3-5个关于你正试着要学的东西的资源 -
it could be books, could be courses, could be anything.
可以是书籍、可以是课程任何东西都可以。
What you want to do is learn just enough that you can actually practice and self-correct.
你要做的就是学到让自己确实可以独自练习和自我修正。Noticing when you're making a mistake and then doing something a little different.
注意自己所犯的错误,然后一点一点改变。
The third is to remove barriers to practice-
第三是移除任何练习时的障碍
-distractions, television, internet.
让人分心的东西、电视、网路。
And the fourth is to practice for at least 20 hours.
第四项就是至少练习20个小时。
Now, most skills have what I call a frustration barrier.
注意,大部份的技能学习时都会出现我所谓的挫折障碍。By pre-committing to practicing whatever it is that you want to do for at least 20 hours,you will be able to overcome that initial frustration barrier and stick with the practice long enough to actually reap the rewards.
无论想学什么,自我许诺至少练习20个小时,你将能克服一开始的的挫折障碍,而能继续练习,坚持到时间长度确实足以获得回馈。
That's it, it's not rocket science.
就是这样,这并不难。
The major barrier to learning something new is not intellectual.
学习新事物的主要障碍并不是智能上的问题,
The major barrier is emotional.
主要障碍是情绪化。Feeling stupid doesn't feel good and the beginning of learning anything new and the beginning of learning anything new... you feel really stupid.
愚蠢的感觉让人很不舒服,而在刚开始新的学习时,你会觉得自己真的愚不可及。
But, put 20 hours into anything.
但是就投入20个小时吧。
Do you want to learn a language?
想要学新的语言?
Do you want to learn how to cook?
想要练习厨艺?
Do you want to learn how to draw?
想要学习绘画?
Go out and do that thing.
跨出那一步,努力去做吧!
It only takes 20 hours.
这只需要20个小时。
Have fun.
祝大家学得开心!


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